"Diabetes education, blood glucose monitoring, diet therapy, exercise therapy, drug therapy" are five carriages for diabetes prevention and health care. Among them, a reasonable diet for people with diabetes is a very important part of controlling blood sugar, and the importance of breakfast in the day is very important. Obviously, it is also a time period that is particularly prone to blood glucose fluctuations. So how should a diabetic choose breakfast?The Chinese breakfast is usually based on cereals, such as porridge, noodles, fried dough sticks, buns, steamed buns, steamed buns and other foods. These foods, except fried dough sticks and fried cakes, are all types of high blood sugar response.
Many people with diabetes dare not drink porridge, eat noodles, or eat steamed bread because the starch of these foods is too gelatinized, and blood sugar will rise significantly immediately after eating. So, what other foods are best for people with high blood sugar?1. Milk, yogurt, cheese: The lactose content in milk is not high, only 3.4%; if sugar is not added in the yogurt production process, it is also a low-sugar food; cheese is concentrated because of milk, and the lactose content will be higher, But we ca n’t eat too much at once, so do n’t worry. You need to be careful that you don't choose pure milk, yogurt, but milk drinks or lactic acid bacteria drinks, which is not suitable for people with diabetes.
These milk drinks usually have added sugar, and the number one in the ingredients list is not milk.2. Meat, fish, poultry eggs, and soy products: Meat, fish, poultry eggs, and soy products are high-protein, low-sugar foods and are one of the essential protein nutrition sources for people with diabetes. These protein foods control the rate of rise in blood sugar and promote the synthesis of hormones, enzymes, immunoglobulins, and cell repair in the body. For example, you can choose soy sauce beef, braised duck dumplings, immersed salmon or canned tuna, steamed egg custard, boiled eggs, dried spiced tofu, tofu with shallot and so on.3. Vegetables, bacteria and algae food: Vegetables and bacteria and algae are mostly low-calorie and low-sugar foods. The calories of 500g leafy vegetables ≈ 25g of flour. However, lotus root, horseshoe, carrot, and pumpkin in vegetables are all types with high sugar content, especially the lotus root carbohydrate content of 18% and horseshoe carbohydrate content of 14% are high-sugar vegetables and need to replace the staple food.
The carbohydrate content of rice is about 25%, so if you do n’t eat two or two rice, you can get three or two lotus roots or four or two horseshoes.Fungal algae foods are foods with high levels of fungal polysaccharides and algae gum, and they also contain a variety of trace elements. Bacteria and algae foods have a strong feeling of fullness, which has a positive effect on controlling blood sugar, preventing hypertension, high blood lipids and other complications.4. Coarse grains and potatoes: Under normal circumstances (except for a ketogenic diet monitored by a doctor), people with diabetes still need to eat starchy foods for breakfast, but often these starchy foods are the "culprit" for rising blood sugar! Diabetics choose staple foods. When the gastrointestinal and chewing functions allow, the most preferred is unbroken coarse grains.Some people like to break up grains with a soymilk machine, and think that people with diabetes will also be suitable. This is actually wrong. This will greatly increase the glycemic speed of grains.
Just like the slow burning of firewood, the ravioli is cut into thin pieces. Shavings will burn faster, and of course extinguish quickly.This is like the rapid rise and decline of blood sugar after a meal, and the challenge to the pancreas is greater for people with diabetes, which is not the preferred method. In the morning, you can choose corn cobs, big rice dumplings (the corn kernels are not peeled, the whole is broken), purple rice and red bean porridge, and so on. Choosing millet porridge requires caution, as its glycemic index is also high.Potatoes such as potatoes, yam, and taro can serve as breakfast for people with diabetes, but they must replace other staple foods. For example, the carbohydrate content of potatoes and taro is about 18%, the carbohydrate content of yam is about 12%, and the carbohydrate content of steamed bread is about 48%. So if you eat 1 or 2 steamed buns, you can get 4 2 yam or 3 2 Steamed potatoes or steamed taro.5. A small amount of nuts and fruits: Nuts are high in protein, high in fat, and high in dietary fiber.
They have a slow digestion and can be eaten for breakfast for diabetics. It does not exceed 10g per day, which is 1 tbsp. You should not eat more. It is not recommended. Grind to eat, can be whole or lightly broken, put in porridge or yogurt to eat.Fruit is a pain point for people with diabetes. Do n’t eat it, eat it, blood sugar rises, what should I do? Fruits are of course edible, but low-sugar fruits are preferred, and you should not eat too much at a time. For example, apples, pears, peaches, kiwis, grapefruits ... It is more suitable to take 1 or 2 each time. It is not a problem to eat 2 or 3 times a day, but you need to slightly reduce the intake of staple food.6. Eat foods with high carbohydrate content late: This method can also slightly control the speed of blood sugar rise. Grains, potatoes, fruits and other foods are eaten behind vegetables, milk, and poultry eggs. There is still a little bit of blood sugar control. Effective, but not decisive.In addition, sugar-free drinks such as soy milk and coffee are also suitable for people with diabetes, and soy isoflavones, phospholipids, dietary fiber, B vitamins, minerals, and tannic acid can be obtained.
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